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AP Language and Composition

Your last 16 minutes of cramming!!!

We are writers, all.

Do's and Don'ts FRQ2

DO:   GO  deep with analysis--see 8SP examples!
DONT just analyze each rhetorical choice in isolation.
DO: THINK THE RHETORICAL STRATEGY --aim to  discuss how the choices all build upon one another
DON'T: device treasure hunt.  
DO: identify 3 choices that build into a larger strategy
DO: 3-5 sentences
DONT: 1-2 sentences
DO: In Summary, include one of the following:
-larger significance, i.e. make connections/explain implications
-compelling image
-connect to introduction/line of reasoning
DON'T: merely restate

Mastering  FRQ3

Below: getting the 4 points for Row B in the FRQ3. Best 11 minutes on FRQ3 you'll see, from a secret ops Restin Rater. 

May 13, 2020: The AP Lang Test


And. Be Creative. Reach. Explore. Discover. Write a Univolic. 
50 Word Stories
Good News Bad News
Surreal Definition Generator
Haiku Shmaiku
Cartoon Caption Contest
Random Word Associations
Tzara's Hat

The College Application Essay

5 college essays that suck

ways to develop your argument

Hemingway Editor

Just copy and paste your essay and bam! the Hemingway Editor identifies common weaknesses, such as unnecessary adverbs or lack of clarity. 

write from the heart

This is what the test will look like

AP Lang Channel

Here's Friday 5/8 Practice Test on Zoom

The Skills Breakdown of the AP Lang Exam:
  • FRQ2 Skill UNIT 1 : Explain how writers' choices reflect the components of the rhetorical situation.
    • Skill 1.A: Identify and describe components of the rhetorical situation - the exigence, audience, purpose, context, and message.
    • Skill 1.B: Explain how an argument demonstrates understanding of an audience's beliefs, values, or needs.
  • FRQ3 Skill UNIT 2: Make strategic choices in a text to address a rhetorical situation.
    • Skill 2.A: Write introductions and conclusions appropriate to the purpose and context of the rhetorical situation.
  • FRQ2/3 Skill UNIT 3: Identify and describe the claims and evidence of an argument.
    • Skill 3.A: Identify and explain claims and evidence within an argument.
    • Skill 3.B: Identify and describe the overarching thesis of an argument, and any indication it provides of the argument's structure.
    • Skill 3.C: Explain ways claims are qualified through modifiers, counterarguments, and alternative perspectives.
  • FRQ3 Skill UNIT 4: Analyze and select evidence to develop and refine a claim.
    • Skill 4.A: Develop paragraphs comprised of a claim and evidence that supports the claim.
    • Skill 4.B: Write a thesis statement that requires proof or defense and that may preview the structure of the argument.
    • Skill 4.C: Qualify a claim using modifiers, counterarguments, or alternative perspectives.
  • FRQ2 Skill UNIT 5: Describe the reasoning, organization, and development of an argument.
    • Skill 5.A: Describe the line of reasoning and explain whether it supports an argument's overarching thesis.
    • Skill 5.B: Explain how the organization of a text creates unity and coherence and reflects a line of reasoning.
    • Skill 5.C: Recognize and explain the use of methods of development to accomplish a purpose.
  • FRQ3 Skill UNIT 6: Use organization and commentary to illuminate the line of reasoning in an argument.
    • Skill 6.A: Develop a line of reasoning and commentary that explains it throughout an argument.
    • Skill 6.B: Use transitional elements to guide the reader through the line of reasoning of an argument.
    • Skill 6.C: Use appropriate methods of development to advance an argument.
  • FRQ2 Skill UNIT 7: Explain how writers' stylistic choices contribute to the purpose of an argument.
    • Skill 7.A: Explain how word choice, comparisons, and syntax contribute to the specific tone or style of a text.
    • Skill 7.B: Explain how writers create, combine, and place independent and dependent clauses to show relationships between and among ideas.
    • Skill 7.C: Explain how grammar and mechanics contribute to the clarity and effectiveness of an argument.

Jeannette Walls: The magic of Writing

Anne Lamott's Ted Talk

everyone is screwed up, broken, clingy, and scared

1st Quarter: The Writer's Voice

2nd Quarter: Argument, and Rhetorical Analysis

2nd Quarter Writers Notebooks
1. 2018 Q 3
2. Botstein SAT Hoax and Fraud
3. Gladwell's How David Beats Goliath
4.  Rowling Analysis
5. Letter of Recommendation
6. The Quarterly Reading Writers Notebook. 
The 3 Major Projects for the Quarter:
1. The Argument Essay: AP Q3 2019
2. The Test on Rhetorical Terms. This is a in-class test. Know the terms on the rhetorical terms cheat sheet. Be able to analyze devices in short passages. Be able to recognize satire, and its effect.
Also, check out this APQ2, and sample rhetorical analysis paragraphs
Extra Credit Toward the Test on Rhetorical Terms
Elizabeth Kolberts Big Score
Malcolm Gladwell's How David Beats Goliath
Malcolm Gladwell's Getting in
Here's an effective rhetorical analysis paragraph on a passage from MLK's I Have a Dream

3rd Quarter: Synthesis 

3rd Quarter Writer's Notebooks
1. AP Q2 Writers Notebook Part I
2. An Open Letter to People or Entities Unlikely to Respond
3. Clare Booth Luce Tampa Scoring
4.  Rogerian Argument I.M.O.C
5. Windmills Tampa Scoring
6. Quarterly Reading READING!
7. AP Q3 2017: Artifice
3rd Quarter Major Projects
1. Windmills Synthesis Question
2. Citizens United Synthesis Question

Gender Pay Gap

4th Quarter: 
Above all, Show mastery of the rhetorical situation, that is, write well

AP Q2: Rhetorical Analysis is STRATEGY DRIVEN, not SUMMARY BASED
4th Quarter Checklist:
1. Cole Essay/AP LIT Sample
2.  King, Old Major, Lennon
3.  The Practice Test
4.  The Test, 
5.  WN 5: Tell a Before or After Story
6.  Graduation Speech/WN 6
Putting it all Together: the home stretch
Income Inequality Debate
1. Read the following sources. 
2. Write a 150 word source summary for EACH. See Source Summary Guidelines
3. Write a 500  word essay that develops a position on the notion of the US becoming an oligarchy.  
Teixiera - Politcal Inequality = Economic Inequality
Skocpol - Organize to Re-democratize Nation
Stimson - Don't Underestimate Power of Public
Winship - Few Disagreements Between Classes

The Immigration question

Mastering frq2

Right here is all you need! Watch the videos below. TAKE NOTES that you will use on May 20. 
1. Below: a must watch intro on the FRQ2: The Rhetorical Situation
2. Below: Getting the Sophistication Point on FRQ2. Watch 5:00-10:00. This is what we talked about with Gandhi, but with the 2014 prompt. You'll see the difference between intros that do and do not get the S-point. 
3. Below: Start at the 9:00 mark. Discussion of 4-level and S-point COMMENTARY. 1. State    example 2. Explain example 3. Analyze for writer 4. Analyze for audience 5. Describe how the choice is persuasive
per the 2014 FRQ2 Adams Letter
4. Below: Attacking the FRQ2: The Thatcher Eulogy. Also, 20:00-40:00, a discussion of the elements of the RHETORICAL SITUATION
5. Below: On writing a GOOD and GREAT Intro, on Albright. Start at 9:24. 
6. Below: Which Strategies should I Choose???
Mrs. Emily takes you through how to use your examples to frame an argument. Start at 6:15
7.  Below: Guided practice: reading the 2008 Geek FRQ2 for a LINE OF REASONING
-Rhetorical Situation
-Main Idea of Writer
-Organization Patterns
8. Below How to Write Commentary in FRQ2: Start at 6:00-- a close look at the difference between getting a 2 and a 3 in row b. Then an example of a 3 and a 2, using the Gandhi FRQ2. Be sure to see 24:30-29:00
9. Below: Walk through an intro for an RA of Bush's post 9/11. Sample intro provided. See 16:00 "As a reader, I'm grateful that the student is not writing They use many devices to achieve their purpose. OR They used pathos logos and ethos to get their message across. 
10. On writing Sophisticated Conclusions: 
Below: Connecting the Strategies into a unified whole 

Test Materials

The Writer's Notebook

The Writer's notebook is the place where the writer goes to work. Start with a prompt, an idea, a spark. We often write in class. Following the first pass of the draft, revise and polish as best you can for the submitted and graded writer's notebook. Students are required to complete 6 every quarter. Note: SOME major project drafts count toward your 6 total, if you choose. Be sure to label submissions, so I can score them in their corresponding Alma assignment. May this be the place where you experiment and explore, then revise into a submittable piece.
Rhetorical Analysis of Sample Writers Notebook
1. How many sentences in the first paragraph?
2. Highlight the THESIS of the essay.
3. Discuss how the writer generates the argument from A POSITION OF STRENGTH. What are the principles that make the foundation for a strong argument?
4. Highlight SEVEN signal phrases.
5. Draw a line indicating the SHIFT in the essay.
6. The paragraph on p.3 "The USPS must..."
Write a sentence that describes the function EACH SENTENCE performs in the entire paragraph.
for example:
-- "The first sentence transitions from essay's thesis to explain necessary effective changes.

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